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Bug of the Week: Oleander Aphid

Oleander aphids, Aphis nerii, are bright yellow and black insects found feeding both on oleanders and various species of milkweeds. Interestingly, both milkweeds and oleanders are poisonous.

See if you can notice something about the next few pictures of oleander aphids on our desert milkweed.

oleander aphids

oleander aphids

oleander aphids

Both my son and I noticed right away that the aphids are all crowded on the new growth, which is rather reddish in color.
aphid wasp
Aphid colonies, as they are called, are often hotbeds of intrigue and danger. A tiny parasitic wasp is attacking the aphids on this branch (see just below the cluster of aphids). The wasp lays her eggs within the body of the aphids. The larva of the wasp feeds inside the aphid, eventually turning it into a brown, hardened structure called a “mummy.”

oleander aphids

The coppery brown circles towards the bottom of the colony are mummies. Inside the mummy the wasp pupates. Eventually the adult wasp cuts a hole through the mummy and emerges into the world.

Although usually merely regarded as garden pests, aphids are actually interesting creatures, They are also food for a number of different forms of wildlife. I leave these aphids alone because I know that the wasps, lady beetles and flower flies that feed on the oleander aphids will also feed on any other aphids drifiting into my garden.

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