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Seed of the Week: Eastern Wahoo

Our mystery seeds/fruit last week were from the eastern wahoo, Euonymus atropurpureus.

wahoo-leaves-group

With a name like wahoo you might think this is a made-up plant, but that is the real common name. Wahoo is a deciduous shrub in the bittersweet family.

 

wahoo-flowers(Public domain photograph by Robert H. Mohlenbrock, hosted by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. )

Everything about the wahoo is fascinating. Those brown structures in the photograph above are the flowers. They are carrion mimics that attract flies rather than bees.

wahoo-fruit-hanging

The fruit are pink capsules that look more like flowers than the flowers do.

mystery-seed-226-fruit

Inside the pink capsules, the seeds are coated with a fleshy, bright orange-to-red aril. Arils are accessory parts that serve as food for animals that disperse the seeds. The seeds are poisonous to humans, but some birds are able to eat them.

wahoo-leaves-101

In the fall, the leaves turn colors.

wahoo-leaves-colorful

Some of the leaves turn bright red like those of its relative the burning bush, Euonymus alatus. In fact, Euonymus alatus can be an invasive in the areas where eastern wahoo grows, so the wahoo is recommended as an alternative.

wahoo-fruit-closed

Overall, the eastern wahoo is the kind of plant that grabs attention because of its novelty. Have you ever grown one? What do you think of it?

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