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In a previous post, I mentioned two Arizona State University scientists have a project to grow algae to convert into fuel, particularly jet fuel. They made the news again this week because they just got a $3 million-dollar grant to start a pilot project. Exciting stuff!

Follow the link to the newspaper article:
Algae-to-fuel work gets $3 mil
ASU spinoff believes organisms key to renewable energy for jets
by Ken Alltucker - Sept. 2, 2008 12:00 AM
The Arizona Republic

This week my friend Debbie called and invited me to visit her butterfly garden. Sure enough, when I arrived there were several species of butterflies flitting throughout her yard. By far the most common were the bright orange and silvery white gulf fritillary butterflies. I also saw numerous skippers and a few giant swallowtails, as well as a yellow sulphur butterfly.

It was hard to get the active gulf fritillary butterflies to sit still long enough to get a photo. The adults were searching her yard for the numerous passion vine plants she had planted. The adults lay eggs on the plant and the caterpillars use it for food. Can you guess what happened to this one?

gulf fritillary

Here’s an adult apparently laying eggs on a piece of passion vine. Note the remnant of a chrysalis hanging to the left of the butterfly. Can you see the beautiful silvery-white patches on the undersides of the wings?

gulf fritillary

Debbie’s passion vines are in various stages. Some have no leaves left from all the caterpillars that have been feeding on them in the past. If you are going to have brilliant, vibrant butterflies, you’ll have to accept that your plants may look a bit raggedy. The vines are around an aloe plant in a pot.

passion vines

She has a couple of different passion vines, with different shaped leaves. Here is one that still has leaves.

passion vine leaf

Here’s another with an empty chrysalis.

fritillary chrysalis

The passion vines have gorgeous, very unusual flowers. I couldn’t find flowers this week, but here is one I shot at the National Botanical Garden a few months ago.

passion vine flower

Here is a link for passion vine flower photos of several different species.

I did find a fruit.

passion vine ruit

Debbie opened one and showed me the unusual seeds inside. Cool!

passion vine seed

Here is a cute skipper that was more willing to pose for me than the fritillaries. The skipper caterpillars feed on various grasses and they are quite common. Sometimes they are mistaken for moths because of their drab brown color.

skipper butterfly

This experience made me realize how very rewarding butterfly gardening can be. We were able to see and talk about so much in just a short period of time. With a few well-chosen plants, some sun, water and patience, Debbie has created a lively and enriching environment.

Debbie, thanks for sharing.

For those interested in butterfly gardening and caterpillars, here are a few more children’s books to consider.

2015 Edit:  For our most complete and up-to-date list of butterfly books for kids, visit  Science Books for Kids website.

moth-and-butterfly-books-for-children-list

Nonfiction

Nic Bishop Butterflies and Moths by Nic Bishop just came out and it is fabulous!

The butterfly book : a kid's guide to attracting, raising, and keeping butterflies by Kersten Hamilton.

This butterfly book for older children is full of scientific information and suggestions for activities, such as making a butterfly net. It starts out with a “getting to know” section that covers much of the complex vocabulary children will need to read this and other books about butterflies. Then the author covers many aspects of raising and keeping butterflies, as well as butterfly behavior and biology. A butterfly guide on the edges of each page has extensive photographs and accurate illustrations of common butterflies, and includes a map of where they are found. The resource guide and “glossarized index” at the end help children find out more. If you are interested in raising butterflies or butterfly gardening, this book is an excellent resource.

It's a butterfly's life by Irene Kelly.

This nonfiction book has many lovely illustrations. If you are looking for a book for a child to read, be aware that the font looks like hand lettering and the sentences wave up and down across the page, almost like the pattern of a butterfly flying. This looks lovely, but may be hard for a beginning reader to read. It has many interesting facts, and covers the butterfly life cycle in detail.

Creepy, crawly caterpillars by Margery Facklam and illustrated by Paul Facklam.

All the terms used throughout the book are defined in the text in the first two pages. The second page of this book has an absolutely amazing illustration of a caterpillar with all its parts labeled clearly and accurately. The rest of the book is two-page spreads of specific common and interesting caterpillars, for example the woolly bear and the cecropia moth caterpillar. Most of the caterpillars chosen are actually moth caterpillars, rather than butterfly caterpillars, but it is still fascinating to learn about them. This book has a glossary.

Face to face with caterpillars by Darlyne A. Murawski.

The author is a photographer who talks about how she got some of her stunning photographs next to the actual results. She starts out with the story of a caterpillar that eats ants and how she photographed the caterpillar through glass. This and some other parts of the book feels as if the photographs drove the text, rather than vice versa. There is a great deal of information on caterpillars, however, to accompany the wonderful, one-of-a-kind photographs. The end contains a glossary: a “find out more” section with articles, books and websites; an index to help children search the text; and a sidebar of research and photographic notes.

Fiction

The girl who loved caterpillars : a twelfth-century tale from Japan adapted by Jean Merrill and illustrated by Floyd Cooper.

It is hard not to love a book that is so beautifully written and illustrated. The overall tale is of a lovely young Japanese girl who defies the traditions of her time. She prefers caterpillars and centipedes to butterflies, and collects and raises them. This story is incredibly complex, and even makes adults who read it think deeply about it. One issue is the fact that the story is probably only the first chapter of a much longer tale, but the rest has been lost. Some people may wonder why the author didn’t construct her own ending. Rather than detracting from the book however, for me it only made it more interesting.

There are more butterfly book reviews at the end of the white-lined sphinx moth post.