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Interested in Chemistry? Then this is a big week for you because it is National Chemistry Week from Sunday, October 19, 2014 to Saturday, October 25, 2014, plus Mole Day is Thursday, October 23 from 6:02 a.m. to 6:02 p.m!

NCW 2014 - CandyThe theme for Chemistry Week this year is "The Sweet Side of Candy." Isn't that perfect for the days leading up to Halloween?

Candy Chemistry Experiment Links:

I have been teaching a high school chemistry class, and one of the activities we did was place M&M candies in groups by color on a paper plate and then carefully cover them with water. The dyes in the candy coating go into solution, but don't mix readily. See more about it in a post at East Valley Chemistry Club.

The NISENetwork has suggestions for candy-related chemistry activities and experiments, including an old favorite, candy chromatography.

Candy chromatography is popular. A similar experiment uses a water solution to make spots on a coffee filter.

Chocolate science is always fun. This chocolate experiment is for older kids interested in food science studies the process of tempering. It does require heat and special ingredients.

Steve Spangler’s Science has several candy-related experiments:

1. This experiment uses pop rocks popping candy and soda to explore how this candy gets its bang.

2. Mentos candy and diet soda always causes a big splash.

If you have some time on your hands, try Making Rock Candy. Use the recipe to make some sugar crystals.

Will studying all this candy science ever be useful in the future? Check out the videos from the American Chemistry Society that discuss some sweet careers in chemistry and food science.

 

candy-jelly-beans

Mole Day, Thursday October 23

Mole Day commemorates Avogadro's Number or 6.02 x 1023. It is held on 10/23 (October 23) from 6:02 a.m. to 6:02 p.m.

Some ways to celebrate:

  • Make some guacamole with avocados and eat with 6.02 corn chips (avocados can be used to study oxidation, too).
  • Make and drink a glass of molasses milk (try stirring 1 tsp. dark molasses into 8 oz milk, soy milk, rice milk or almond milk).
  • Bake molasses cookies and share 6.02 of them or eat one at 6:o2 p.m.
  • Figure out how much aluminum foil you would need to make a 1.0 mole aluminum foil sculpture*.

How do you determine one mole of some substance weighs? For a specific atom, you can use the atomic mass from a periodic table to figure out how much a mole of that atom weighs. For example, one atom of hydrogen has an average mass of  about 1 amu. Converting to grams,  one mole of hydrogen atoms (6.022 x 1023 of them) has an average mass of about 1 g, but because hydrogen gas is normally in the form of H2, a mole of hydrogen gas would be 2 grams.

For molecules, add up the atomic mass units for the atoms in the molecule. Therefore, one mole of H2O is the mass of two hydrogen atoms (2) plus the mass of one oxygen atom (16), or approximately 18 g.

*Hint:  The atomic mass unit of Al is 26.982 or about 27.

However you choose to celebrate it, this week is a great time to think about chemistry and the mole.

If you choose to share, how are you going to honor Mole Day?

Do your kids have a stash of Halloween candy? What a great time to do fun candy science experiments!

candy

If you have any wintergreen LifeSaver® candies in the hoard, here is a quick way to make lightning in your mouth with candy.

Candy Chromatography
Separating the colors in MandM’s or Skittles® using paper chromatography is for older kids. It takes a bit of time and patience.

A simple experiment with Candy Chromatography uses water to make spots on a coffee filter.

Dogged Research has an extensive research paper that covers many of the issues you may encounter. If you have time, you’ll learn quite a bit.

Chocolate science is always fun. This chocolate experiment is for older kids interested in food science. It does require heat and special ingredients.

Steve Spangler’s Science has several fun, candy-related experiments.

1. This experiment uses pop rocks popping candy and soda to explore how this candy gets its bang.

2. Mentos candy and diet soda causes a big splash.
Here’s why it works.

3. More candy science ideas

If you didn’t get enough candy last night, try Making Rock Candy. Use the recipe to make some sugar crystals.

We are in a bit of a rush today. We've been promised the opportunity to play with a fabulous microscope camera device. Hopefully we'll be able to show some incredible photos for bug of the week next week.

Have some sweet success with candy science today.