Tag: dragonflies (Page 1 of 3)

10 Favorite Insect Photographs of 2016

Going over my photographs from the last 12 months, I realized I took many fewer shots of insects than in years past. It was still difficult, however, to limit the selection of favorites to just 10.

Insects Around Water

blue-dragonflyBlue seems to be the color of choice around ponds and streams.

gorgeous-damselfly_0618Blue mixed with green, that is.

dragonfly-ny_0649These photographs were taken in the company of some of my favorite people.

Insects in Fields and Pastures

flower-fly_0346A flower fly feeds on the nectar of Robin’s Plantain, I believe.

skipper-on-cloverc_0268This skipper butterfly sips nectar from a clover flower.

wood-nymph-brsh-foot_0348A tattered wood nymph rests on a leaf.

freshy-emerged-queen-butterfly-241This queen butterfly just emerged from its chrysalis.

monarch-caterpillar-27Not to be outdone, here’s a monarch caterpillar feeding on rush milkweed.

single-ant_0227What’s this ant doing on this leaf? Probably searching for nectar or honeydew.

Insects On Trees

cidada-nymph-c_0259Exoskeleton of a cicada nymph clings to the trunk of a tree.

That wraps up Bug of the Week for 2016.

Wishing you all a very happy New Year!

Bug of the Week: Assorted Dragonflies and Damselflies

I was walking in our local greenbelt this morning and saw a half dozen or so dragonflies hunting. They were no more than golden flashes of wings back lit in the sunlight.

white-faced-dragonfly-close_0651They reminded me to post these photographs of a white-faced dragonfly I took earlier this summer.

darner-dragonfly_0673This one is harder to see. Its eyes look like they are turquoise.


blue-damselfly-C_0674Not hard to see the blue on this damselfly.

gorgeous-damselfly_0618Here’s a tiny damselfly with turquoise on its tail.

All these photographs were taken at one pond within a few minutes on a summer day.

Do you see dragonflies or damselflies where you live? How many of them have blue on them?




Insect Science Investigations for Kids: Dragonflies and Damselflies

This week we have science activities and resources for learning more about dragonflies and damselflies, Order Odonata.

  1. What is a dragonfly and what is a damselfly?

Dragonflies are the large, showy insects seen around ponds and other bodies of water. They have large eyes, which often take up most of their head. When they land on a plant or other object, they hold their wings straight out.


Damselflies, on the other hand, are usually a bit finer, more delicate looking. They rest with their wings folded behind their backs.

Dragonflies and damselflies often are bright colors, such as red, green and bright blue. In addition, the colors of many dragonflies change as they get older. They can be just as colorful and fun to watch as birds or butterflies.

Activity:  Make models of adult dragonflies and damselflies.

Either gather photographs and illustrations of dragonflies and damselflies. Use these to draw the adults, or make models.

Pay attention to their anatomy. For example, the legs and wings are attached to the thorax. Damselflies have smaller eyes than dragonflies. The wings have numerous veins that give them a net-like appearance. The legs have spines and are used to scoop up prey in midair.


The Enchanted Tree has instructions for a Folded dragonfly craft

See our Dragonfly crafts for kids Pinterest board for more ideas and resources (click on title to go to board, or individual pins to go to that link).

Follow Roberta’s board Dragonfly crafts for kids on Pinterest.


2. Dragonfly and Damselfly Life Cycles

Dragonflies and damselflies have incomplete metamorphosis, similar to grasshoppers and crickets from last week. The main difference is the adults look quite different from the nymphs.

The adult female dragonflies and damselflies lay their eggs in the water, or on plants or debris in or near the water.


Female dragonfly laying her eggs in the water.

The eggs hatch into nymphs (sometimes also called naiads).

Dragonfly nymphs live under water where they prey on other organisms. Dragonfly nymphs have “masks” at the bottom of their heads. The special lower lips (labium-singular or labia -plural) shoot forward to capture or scoop up prey. The labia are also used to hold prey in place while feeding.

In this video of a live dragonfly nymph catching food, look for both uses of the labium.

When they are mature, the nymphs crawl to the surface, sometimes onto a plant or even onto land, before emerging as adults.

dragonfly-nymph-exoskeletonExoskeleton or the shed “skin” of a dragonfly nymph

The white lines in the photograph above are the remnants or linings of the breathing tubes (tracheae) that pull out as the adult dragonfly emerges. The adult will produce new tracheae.


Go to a local pond or wetland when dragonflies and damselflies are active and search for shed exoskeletons along the shore and in emergent vegetation. If allowed, take an aquatic sweep net or dip net, and search for nymphs in the water.


Investigate, and then draw and label the life cycle of dragonflies and damselflies.

You may also print out a worksheet to help:

3. Dragonfly watching

Nothing beats strolling out to a pond, stream or lake and simply watching dragonflies and damselflies in action.

One of the first things you notice about dragonflies or damselflies is their strong ability to fly. They have four wings, and can move the fore and hind wings independently. In this video clip you can see a dragonfly’s amazing flight slowed down.

Often dragonflies are searching for food when they are flying. They catch other flying insects, such as mosquitoes, while on the wing. In fact, one common name for a dragonfly is “mosquito hawk.”

Male dragonflies and damselflies may also fly to look for females or to chase away others from their territories.


Perching is another common behavior. Dragonflies and damselflies often rest on a plant or similar object looking for prey to fly by. An adult may return again and again to the same perch.

4. Dragonfly Swarms

The Dragonfly Woman blog by Christine Goforth has a good deal of information about dragonfly swarming.

What is a dragonfly swarm? When a group of insects gather together in a large group, for whatever purpose, it is often called a swarm. In the case of dragonflies, the swarm may be a bunch of dragonflies feeding together at one location. This is called a static swarm. Dragonflies can also form large groups and move from place to place. This is called a migratory swarm.

Christine’s video of a dragonfly swarm:

Do dragonflies occur where you live? Have you ever seen a dragonfly swarm? For a citizen science project, check out  Dragonfly Swarm Project where you can report swarm sightings.

You might like to see Dragonfly Woman’s posts about making a dragonfly collection using a scanner as well. I love the idea of being able to preserve the insect’s image and let the dragonfly go again.

Children’s Books About Dragonflies and Damselflies:

Dragonflies of North America: A Color and Learn Book With Activities by Kathy Biggs and Tim Manolis (Illustrator) is not your average coloring book. First of all, the author has written two field guides to dragonflies, as well as maintains a website about the dragonflies of California. You can tell by the quality of the text that she has a great understanding of, as well as passion for, dragonflies. Did you know that dragonflies often perch with only four legs, and use their front legs to wipe their eyes like windshield wipers?

Dragonflies of North America covers the basics nicely, such as the differences between dragonflies and damselflies, and the dragonfly life cycle. Then the author presents the characteristics of a number of different kinds of dragonflies, with enough detail so you could actually distinguish one from another. Although written for children, this is one of those books that is also perfect for the interested adult beginner.

Are You a Dragonfly? (Backyard Books) by Judy Allen and Tudor Humphries is another picture book  in the Are you a… series that bring young readers into the book by making direct comparisons to insects. These books are fun and full of age-appropriate information.

Disclosure: I am an affiliate for Amazon. If you click through the linked titles or ads and make a purchase, I will receive a small commission at no extra charge to you. Proceeds will be used to maintain this self-hosted blog.

See the other lessons in this series:

Insect Science Investigations

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