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Our post today is inspired by a new middle grade children's book, Zoology for Kids: Understanding and Working with Animals, with 21 Activities (For Kids series) by Josh Hestermann and Bethanie Hestermann with a foreword by The Kratt Brothers. The book is so awesome I want to share it by giving away a copy.  See below for details on how you can enter to win a paperback copy of this book.

 

Josh Hestermann is a zoologist/zookeeper and his wife, Bethanie Hestermann, is a writer. Together they explain what zoology is (the study of animals) and what an animal is, and then give a lively introduction to the science of zoology. The second part describes common career options for people who want to work with animals. Sprinkled throughout are hands-on activities for middle-grade-aged children, such as baking a model of an animal cell, playing a dolphin echolocation game, eating a bat fruit salad, and planning an animal's exhibit for a zoo. See our sister blog, Wrapped in Foil, for a full review.

Related Activity:  Making Animal Books

Gather:

  • Photographs of animals (from old magazines, the Internet, take photographs at your local zoo, or see these public domain line drawings)
  • Spiral notebook or binder with 3-hole paper (or an artist's sketch book)
  • Crayons, markers and colored pencils
  • Glue stick or tape

Version 1. Animal Alphabet Book for the Youngest Set

Create a page for each letter of the alphabet. Try to find an animal or animals whose name starts with each letter. Don't forget that fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and invertebrates are also animals.

Glue or tape the pictures on the page. Draw the letters and add the animal's name.

For older children, have them add information about the animals, such as what they eat and where they live, maps, etc. Encourage them to draw pictures as well as write the text.

Examples:

anteater-page-1zebra page

Looking for an animal with a name that starts with X? Suggestions:

  • Ground squirrels in the genus Xerus
  • X-ray tetra fish
  • Swordfish in the genus Xiphias
  • Xantus's hummingbird

zoo-visayan-warty-pig

Did you take a picture at the zoo and now can't remember what kind of animal it is?

Hint:  Try an Internet image search to see if you can find matches. Just be careful to look for reputable sources.

Another hint:  If you go on a trip to the zoo to take photographs, take a few photographs of the signs as well. This will help you remember which animal is which and also gives you more information to talk about when you get home.

zoo-sign

Turns out this one can be used for the letter V!

Version 2: Animal Phyla (For older children)

For older children, consider exploring the phyla that make up the Kingdom Animalia by making a scrapbook or presentation. See our previous post for details (because it got too long to be included here).

Related:

Extensive interview with a Zoo Docent here at Growing With Science

Zoology for Kids website

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GIVEAWAY

Would you like to try to win a copy of Zoology for Kids? Simply sign into Rafflecopter (U.S. mailing addresses only, please). It will ask you to leave a comment on this blog post and/or like our FaceBook page by March 14, 2015 at 12:00 a.m. Eastern Standard Time. A single winner will be selected at random by Rafflecopter and I will notify the winner via e-mail.

a Rafflecopter giveaway

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Age Range: 9 and up
Grade Level: 4 and up
Publisher: Chicago Review Press (March 1, 2015)
ISBN-10: 1613749619
ISBN-13: 978-1613749616

Disclosures: The book was provided by the publisher for review purposes. Also, I am an affiliate for Amazon. If you click through the linked titles or ads and make a purchase, I will receive a small commission at no extra charge to you. Proceeds will be used to maintain this self-hosted blog.

 

Come visit the STEM Friday blog each week to find more great Science, Technology, Engineering and Math books.

 

 

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Tomorrow we are going to be putting the spotlight on a great new children's book about zoology, which is the study of animals. To get ready, let's explore what we mean by the animal kingdom. What organisms are actually considered to be animals? This may seem straightforward, but it surprising how often even knowledgeable people equate animals with mammals and forget how very large and diverse the animal kingdom really is.

Remember how organisms are classified or divided into groups:  domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species (see an overview here)? Around the sixth grade, students are often introduced to the nine most common phyla, but there are actually more than 20. Let's start with learning about an even dozen phyla.

When studying phyla, what quickly becomes evident is that the majority of animals out there are invertebrates. Many of them are tiny, live in the ocean, and/or aren't all that well known. Be prepared for some eye-opening discoveries.

Activity:  Animal Phyla Scrapbook or Presentation

Take time to research the 12 phyla of animals listed below and then create a book or presentation with what you have learned.

When making the book or presentation, use your creativity. Consider making a slide show, video, or a series of infographics to help share what you learn with others.

Scrapbooks can be as simple as printing out photos, illustrations and text and gluing it into a spiral notebook. More elaborate versions can utilize commercially-available scrapbooks. Artists' sketchpads can often make a good foundation for a scrapbook, too.

For a slideshow, PowerPoint is the classic, but free versions of various slideshow creation software are also available for downloading. Slideshows can also be turned into videos.

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12 Animal Phyla

Here is a list of 12 phyla of the animal kingdom and some basic information about each.

1. Phylum Porifera - the sponges

Sponge_(PSF)Sponges are the most unusual animals because they don't move (are sessile). They were thought to be plants until 1765 when naturalists discovered they are really animals. Most live in the ocean and all live in water. They have special cells with hair-like flagella inside internal canals that beat and move water through their bodies. The water movement brings in food and oxygen, and removes wastes.

2. Cnidaria - corals, hydras, sea anemones, and jellyfish/ Ctenophera -comb jellies

Coral_(PSF)These two groups are sometimes combined into one phylum and sometimes separated into two.

Cnidarians lack organs. They usually have tentacles around the mouth which catch and paralyze small zooplankton or animals for food. The tentacles have stinging cells. See our earlier post about jellyfish.

3. Phylum Platyhelminthes - flatworms (like planaria)

planaria(Illustration by the author)

The flatworms are different from the last two phyla because they have a distinct head end. Most are found in the ocean, although some are in freshwater and a few can survive on land in areas where it is very humid or moist. Some, like the flukes and tapeworms, are parasitic.

4. Phylum Rotifera - the rotifers

rotifer-Proales_daphnicola

Rotifers have a ring of cilia around their head, or a "corona," which they beat to bring food particles, like bits of algae, to their mouths. Most live in fresh water. A few live in mosses.

Here is a video of rotifers feeding.



5. Phylum Nematoda - nematodes or roundworms

nematodes(Illustration by the author)

Nematodes are very slender worms that may be found in oceans, freshwater or in the soil. They can be found in virtually every habitat and sometimes are present in huge numbers. Some nematodes are parasitic on either animals or plants.

 

6. Phylum Bryozoa- bryozoans

Bryozoa
"Haeckel Bryozoa" by Ernst Haeckel - Kunstformen der Natur (1904), plate 23: Bryozoa Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Members of the phylum Bryozoa are relatively unknown because they live in colonies in the ocean or freshwater. Like coral and sponges, they are sessile. Most individuals within a colony are less than 0.5 mm in length!

7. Phylum Annelida - segmented worms

Earthworm_1_(PSF)The members of the annelids include the familiar earthworms, leeches, and many lesser-known worms found in the oceans. Most burrow in the soil or in the bottom of the ocean.

8. Phylum Tardigrada - tardigrades
A short video showing a tardigrade in motion (with music).


Like the bryozoans, tardigrades (also called water bears) are very small animals. Most are around 0.3 to 0.5 mm long. Some live in oceans, particularly around algae. Many live in mosses. They are called bears because of their short, stubby clawed legs. Tardigrades have been in the news recently due to their amazing abilities to withstand low temperatures and drying out.

9. Phylum Arthropoda - arthropods

Bee_-_queen_(PSF)The arthropod phylum is the largest of the animal kingdom. The group name comes from the fact that arthropods move via jointed appendages. They have a hardened exoskeleton , usually made of some mixture of the protein chitin, that is shed or molted in order for the animal to grow.

10. Phylum Mollusca - mollusks (snails, octopi, etc.)

Snail_(PSF)The mollusks are one of the largest phyla (second to arthropods). They can be found in the oceans, in freshwater and on land. Most have some sort of muscular foot used for locomotion, many have hard shells, and most have a rasping mouthpart called a radula that scrapes away at their food.

11. Phylum Echinodermata - echinoderms (sea stars)

Starfish_(PSF)

Echinoderms are large and familiar marine animals. They are named for their hardened body surface that appears spiny or lumpy. Besides the sea stars, echinoderms include the sea urchins, brittle stars and sand dollars. All are pentamerous, which means their bodies can be divided into five segments starting from the center.

12. Phylum Chordata - chordates, including vertebrates

 

Toad_(PSF)(Illustrations for 1, 2, 4, 7, 9, 10, 11, and 12 are by Pearson Scott Foresman - donated to the Wikimedia Foundation. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.)

When we think of animals, we often think of chordates. These are animals with a notochord, pharyngeal slits and a post anal tail (at least during some point in development). The phylum includes the tunicates and lancelets as well as the vertebrates.

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 There you have a quick introduction to 12 phyla of the animal kingdom. Have fun researching them and let us know what you find out.

Note:  YouTube seems to be having some difficulty providing the videos I chose. Please let me know if they are giving you difficulty as well and I'll replace them.